Dyslexia Learning Center likes to define dyslexia as "A learning difference" that is unexpected and affects reading, writing and spelling.
Dyslexia is NOT rare. It affects 10% to 20% of our population, which is up to 1 in 5 people.
WATCH VIDEO: What is Dyslexia
Many organizations and people have their own definition for what dyslexia is. Here are a few of those:
Dyslexia is an inherited condition that makes it extremely difficult to read, write, and spell in your native language despite at least average intelligence.
The D Word: Understanding Dyslexia
The International Dyslexia Association states, "Dyslexia is a neurologically-based, often familial, disorder which interferes with the acquisition and processing of language. Varying in degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes in arithmetic.
Dyslexia is not the result of lack of motivation, sensory impairment, inadequate instructional or environmental opportunities, or other limiting conditions, but may occur together with these conditions.
Although dyslexia is lifelong, individuals with dyslexia frequently respond successfully to timely and appropriate intervention.
Ben Foss, dyslexic and author of The Dyslexia Empowerment Plan, has his own definition: "Dyslexia is a genetic, brain-based characteristic that results in difficulty connecting the sounds of spoken language to written words. It can result in errors in reading or spelling as well as a number of areas not considered major life activities, such as determining right and left. Individuals who are dyslexic can be highly independent and intelligent. Dyslexia is also characterized by a set of strengths that typically come with this profile in one or more of the following areas: verbal, social, narrative, spatial, kinesthetic, visual mathematical, or musical skills. Overall, it is characterized by an increased ability to perceive broad patterns and a reduced ability to perceive fine detail in systems."